It is a new emerging technique for treating knee arthritis that repairs or replaces knee cartilage through a keyhole procedure. Injured cartilage typically does not heal independently, so doctors have developed several surgical techniques to repair, regenerate, and replace damaged cartilage. Because cartilage lacks its own blood supply, cartilage damage is challenging. It cannot heal itself. The mosaicplasty procedure replaces damaged cartilage in the knee with healthy cartilage from elsewhere in the body. On the other hand, osteochondral allografts are done with donor tissue.
A knee cartilage replacement can be performed to improve knee function. The procedure involves replacing damaged or destroyed cartilage with new tissue. Hyaline cartilage, which bears the weight of the joint, is regenerated by the surgeon. While this procedure is predictable, it is costly. A knee replacement can be either total or partial. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is the first one. To smooth the cartilage in the knee, cells are transplanted from the patient’s own body. There are two surgeries involved in this procedure. One is an open surgery.
In the second treatment, healthy cartilage is removed from the affected knee and cultured in the lab using arthroscopic surgery. Implanting the cultivated cells into the knee will allow the cells to grow. The second type of surgery involves regrowing cartilage in the knee using cultured cells. A brace must be worn for six weeks following the procedure since it is an outpatient procedure. Insurance companies will cover the cost of the procedure, which is a bit expensive. A scar can result from this surgery, however, and a second operation may be required for some patients. Osteoarticular grafting is another option for knee cartilage replacement. Human or autologous cartilage is used to replace damaged cartilage.
The chondrocytes are taken from the healthy areas of the knee. Arthroscopic surgery usually results in a quick recovery since it is arthroscopic. For patients who have mild to moderate symptoms, this technique is ideal. It is not suitable for everyone, however. Older patients are usually not suitable for this treatment, and only people with severe traumatic injuries can utilize it. Two methods of knee cartilage repair exist. Chondrocytes from a donor are used in osteochondral grafting surgery. A cartilage implant is created by carefully matching the donor’s cartilage with the knee’s chondrocytes. An additional benefit of this procedure is the restoration of a knee’s chondral surface. Osteoarthritis patients can only restore the chondral surface with this procedure.
This procedure involves removing a small piece of damaged cartilage and growing it for four weeks outside the body. By replacing the damaged area of the knee with cartilage, the knee becomes functional again. Results are similar to those of a real operation, but you should keep in mind that it is more expensive and may take longer to recover. It is known as knee cartilage repair when it involves repairing damaged cartilage. Congenital abnormalities, hormonal disorders, and sports injuries or trauma may require knee cartilage repair.